Have you heard of pattern games for dog training?
If you're in the positive reinforcement training community, you likely have!
They are very simple and have been used unknowingly by many trainers, but the one trainer who brought large scale attention to them recently is Leslie McDevitt, creator of the Control Unleashed program.
She built an entire program for sport dogs based around pattern games to calm arousal and more.
As the methods grew in popularity, she learned that the pattern games were hugely effective for reactive dogs as well - not just overexcited sport dogs.
Reactivity is a response to distractions usually characterized by barking, lunging on leash, pulling on leash, jumping, whining, growling, and more, especially in response to other dogs or people.
A very common example of reactivity is a dog who barks at visitors to the door or outside the window.
Reactivity can have many root causes including excitement or anxiety.
With excitement reactivity, you'll usually see a dog who loves other people and other dogs and just wants to get to them no matter how hard they have to pull or how much they have to bark to get there. While this may feel less dangerous than a more aggressive form of reactivity, it can still be extremely hard to handle.
I'm looking at you, labradors and goldens.
When the reactivity is caused by anxiety or fear, the dog will usually bark, growl, lunge, or anything else to get the trigger to go away. They might seem to want to go towards the trigger, but when they get there they show body language of being anxious or nervous (cowering, ears pinned, stiff body, etc).
Both types of reactivity are shown to be benefitted by pattern games.
And the cool thing is that you don't have to know which type your dog has in order to be successful!
The pattern games work no matter what.
Pattern games are easy, predictable, and simple training games to play with your dog in order to lower arousal, excitement, or anxiety.
One of my favorite pattern games, for example, is the up down game. In this game, you drop one treat on the ground for your dog to eat, and when your dog looks back up at you after eating, you mark yes and place another treat on the ground.
Here are some links to tutorials for several other pattern games for examples:
Obviously, just like any training, before a pattern game can be effective near triggers for reactive dogs, you must first learn the game in a trigger free environment and increase distractions slowly as your dog is able.
A large part of reactivity, fear, and anxiety is that the triggers are unpredictable or the environment is unpredictable.
Pattern games, on the other hand, are extremely predictable and can be used to help lower the fear and anxiety of unpredictable situations.
Because pattern games become muscle memory for dogs who practice them a lot, it feels better to the dog to go into the predictable pattern then to avoid it and experience the unpredictability of their triggers or the environment.
The good news is that if your dog is avoiding the unpredictability of triggers, they are actively engaging with you in a pattern game.
Over time, the pattern games teach focus & engagement, and lower the baseline fear and anxiety around triggers, allowing you to work on more advanced skills in the future.
Many clients of mine come in after working with several different trainers of many different backgrounds. They are completely overwhelmed and struggling to be exciting enough to maintain focus with their dog around triggers. They feel like they are failing because the weight of being exciting enough to surpass triggers was on their shoulders.
When they are introduced to pattern games and find how easy and simple it is, they are hooked.
And they're able to make significant progress at long last.
There are actually lots of ways to get started learning pattern games!
if you enjoy reading books and don't need help through every individual step, I definitely recommend purchasing Leslie Mcdevitt's book Reactive to Relaxed.
If you are a visual learner and prefer to watch videos, I recommend looking into control unleashed exercises on YouTube (but make sure that you are watching a certified control unleashed instructor) or the conference unleashed available on cleanrun.com.
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